Canadian Stearmans

Canadian Stearmans

Images of some aircraft that participated in the New Brunswick spruce budworm spray program are provided below, together with a brief history. I have also expanded this list to include other spray or fire bomber Stearmans in Canada. Unfortunately, there are no images available for many of the aircraft.

Some of the historical information is scattered and incomplete, but what there is I present below. Some of it may actually be wrong. Sources include the Canadian Civil Aircraft Register (CCAR), which has records only as far back as 1982; the Archives Search at Library and Archives Canada, for the earlier material, including Department of Transport (DOT) accident reports; Aerial Visuals; Airport-Data.com; and the Airframes Database at Aerial Visuals.

C-FBYI

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2779

See under CF-VOB.

CF-DFC #81, later #14

Boeing Stearman Kaydet A75N1 (PT-17), #75-4895

Flew in New Brunswick: 1968

Owners: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia / Conair Aviation Ltd, Abbotsford, British Columbia / Became N61GP.

N61GP

CF-DFC is now N61GP, a highly dressed up Stearman residing at the Zanesville Airport, east of Columbus, Ohio, and owned by Thomas T. Ungorean of Coshocton, Ohio (Aerial Visuals).

 Skyway #81 CF-DFC spraying in New Brunswick, 1968. [FPL Files]
Skyway CF-DFC #81 spraying in New Brunswick, 1968. [FPL Files]
RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1391. Stearman A75N1 N2S-4 (CF-DFC c/n 75-4895) Skyway Air Services 11/30/2007. Manufactured in 1943, delivered to the US Navy, assigned BuNo. 55658. This aircraft was converted to a crop duster, Skyways was based in Langley, British Columbia, in the 1950s.
RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1391. Stearman A75N1 N2S-4 (CF-DFC c/n 75-4895) Skyway Air Services 11/30/2007. Manufactured in 1943, delivered to the US Navy, assigned BuNo. 55658.

Boeing Stearman, CF-DFC, Skyway Air Sevices http://www.abpic.co.uk/photo/1101894/ August 1967, Abbotsford, BC. Mike Ody Collection
Boeing Stearman CF-DFC, Skyway Air Sevices, August 1967, Abbotsford, British Columbia. Mike Ody Collection [Air-Britain PIC]
There is a very nice black-and-white image of CF-DFC by Brian Baker in the Ed Coates Collection.

CF-DQL #82

1942 Boeing Stearman Kaydet A75N1 (PT-17), #75-4528

Flew in New Brunswick: 1952, 1957, 1958

Owners: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia/ Conair Aviation Ltd, Abbotsford, British Columbia.

History:
After military service this Kaydet was first registered as N9634 and later as CF-DQL (in Canada). Full military serial 42-16365. c/n 75-4528.
– Constructed as a A75N1 by Boeing.
– Circa 1942 – Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 42-16365.
– Flew with Skyway Air Services Ltd. of Langley and Conair Aviation Ltd, Abbotsford, British Columbia as CF-DQL #82.
Recorded accident on 8 July 1960 in Chilliwack, British Columbia, at 7:15 PST (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 1201). Pilot Alfred James Roberts of Skyway Air Services Ltd. took off at 0700 h from Chilliwack on a “local cropspraying flight”. At about 0715 the engine failed at low altitude while spraying a field near the Chilliwack fairgrounds. The pilot executed a forced landing on the recently ploughed Chilliwack racetrack. As soon as the brakes were applied, the wheels dug in and the aircraft overturned, causing substantial damage. Pilot Roberts was not injured. The engine failure was caused by water in the fuel tank.
– To unknown owner with c/r N9634 (A75N1 (PT17), #75-4528).
– To Museum of Aviation, Warner Robins, Macon, Georgia.
 Markings Applied: 365
– To National Museum of the United States Air Force Loan Program.
 Loaned to WR-ALC/MU, Robins AFB, Georgia

Skyway CF-DQL in a line of Stearmans parked at Budworm City, NB, in the 1950s. Taken from the control tower. Scanned from a print from the FPL files.
Skyway CF-DQL in a line of Stearmans parked at Budworm City, New Brunswick, in the 1950s. Taken from the control tower. Scanned from a print from the FPL files.

From Bill Larkins - 27Feb2014, via AgAircraft.
Skyway CF-DQL. Posted to AgAircraft 27 Feb 2014 by Bill Larkins. [Bill Larkins photo]
Present Location: Now restored to full military colours and suspended in the centre of the Eagle Hangar at the Warner Robins Museum of Aviation, Warner Robins, Georgia, USA. 18-4-2013. See Wikimedia Commons and Air Britain.

CF-DQP #73

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2789

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1960

Accident: 0615 h EST, 9 August 1961 near Mount Brydges, Ontario (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 1433). Operator: Northcana Limited.

Thomas H. Martindale of St. Thomas, Ontario, was crop spraying when the engine failed, resulting in a forced landing. The aircraft had been issued a Certificate of Airworthiness, and the only item mentioned was a discrepancy in the fuel sight-gauge. Martindale had flown 400 hours in his career, with 80 hours on CF-DQP in the 90 days prior to the accident.

CF-DQP departed Mount Brydges at 0525 h. After about 45 minutes, the engine began to lose power and Martindale made a forced landing in a tobacco field. The fuel filter drain-cock had been left open and the engine had failed because of fuel exhaustion. It was found that the fuel sight-gauge had been damaged by a bird strike on the previous day. It had been removed and a standard A.N. plug was used to seal the opening in the bottom of the fuel tank.

Owner: Bradley Air Services Ltd. Carp, Ontario; Northcana Ltd.?

CF-DQU

Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-xxxx

Did not fly in New Brunswick.

Owner: Skyway Air Services, Langley, British Columbia

CF-DZC #72

Boeing Stearman E75 (PT-13D), #75-8164

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1960

Owners: Bradley Air Services Ltd., Carp, Ontario / Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec

CF-EQS #61

Boeing Stearman E75 (PT-13D), #75-1728

Flew in New Brunswick: 1953, 1957, 1958 (Wheeler), 1966, 1967, 1968 (Wheeler-Northland), 1972, 1973 (Evergreen)

Owners: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec / Wheeler-Northland Airways, St. Jean, Quebec / Evergreen Air Services, Roxboro, Quebec

Present Location: American Air Museum, Duxford, UK. See Air Britain and Wikipedia.

Painted in false USAAF marks as 217786/25. Actually ex 41-8169. 42-17786 25 / CF-EQS hybrid Boeing PT-13D / US ARMY Composite / c/n 75-1728 ex 41-8169 plus parts of G-BRTK c/n 75-5949 ex N16716, 42-17786, BuAer 38728 & possibly others.

CF-EQS Wheeler Stearman #61_RichardArless_NictauNB_27May-2Jun1953-06anot
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQS #61 at Nictau Airstrip, New Brunswick, during the spray season 27 May to 2 June, 1953. [Richard Arless Photo, from the FPL Files]
Wheeler Stearman loading at Juniper, NB, June 1967
Wheeler-Northland Stearman CF-EQS #61 loading at Juniper, New Brunswick, June 1967. [FPL Files]

CF-EQS_CharlottetownePE_c1970-EricBentley-A-B5
Eric Bentley took some pictures of Evergreen CF-EQS #61 in the late 1960’s or early 70’s at the Charlottetown airport, Prince Edward Island.
CF-EQS Wheeler #61_FrederictonNB_11Aug1975-BMacLeod-don6cb-annot
CF-EQS #61 Evergreen Stearman stored at Fredericton airport, 11 August 1975. The other Stearman is Wheeler #62 CF-EQT. A colour image of the same two Stearmans shows that they are entirely yellow. [Barrie MacLeod]

CF-EQT #62

1943 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17B), #75-3235

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958 (Wheeler), 1966, 1967, 1968 (Wheeler-Northland)

Owners: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec / Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd., St. Jean, Quebec / Evergreen Air Services Ltd, Roxboro, Quebec

History:
– Constructed as an A75N1 by Boeing.
– 14 May 1970 – To Evergreen Air Services Ltd, Roxboro, Quebec, as CF-EQU #62 (A75N1, 75 2568).
– 6 June 2001 – Civil registration, CF-EQU, cancelled.

Wheeler Stearman parked
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQT #62 at Nictau, New Brunswick, probably 1957. [FPL Files]

Wheeler Stearman CF-EQT #62 stored beside her sister CF-EQS. Fredericton, NB, 11 August, 1975. [Barrie MacLeod]
Evergreen Stearman CF-EQT #62 stored beside her sister CF-EQS #61, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 11 August 1975. A colour image of the same two Stearmans shows that they are entirely yellow. [Barrie MacLeod]

CF-EQU #63

1943 Boeing Stearman Kaydet A75N1 (PT-17B), #75-2568

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957 (Wheeler), 1966, 1967, 1968 (Wheeler-Northland ), 1972, 1973 (Evergreen)

Owners: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec / Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd., St. Jean, Quebec / Evergreen Air Services, Roxboro, Quebec

History:
– Imported to Canada 1952
– Flew with Wheeler Airlines and Wheeler-Northland Airways, Quebec, as CF-EQU #63
– 14 May 1970 – To Evergreen Air Service Ltd, Roxboro, Quebec as CF-EQU (A75N1, #75-2568)
– 6 June 2001 – Civil registration, CF-EQU, cancelled
– registration cancelled 27 May 1982.
– latest owner reported in Quebec

CF-EQU #63 via BMacLeod
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQU #63 via Barrie MacLeod. Location and date not known.

CF-EQV #64

Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-4372

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957 (Wheeler), 1966, 1967, 1968 (Wheeler-Northland)

Owner: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec / Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd., St. Jean, Quebec

Stearmans parked at Nictau NB
Wheeler Stearmans CF-EQV #64 and CF-EQT #62 parked at Nictau, New Brunswick, probably 1952. {FPL Files]

Wheeler Stearman parked
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQV #64, New Brunswick, probably 1957. [FPL Files]
CF-EQV Wheeler Stearman #64_PatapediaQU_1954_Hi-435c
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQV #64 at Patapedia Airstrip, Quebec, probably 1954. [Richard Arless photo, FPL Files]

CF-EQW #65

1943 Boeing Stearman E75N1 (N2S-5), #75-8514

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec

Accident: 1910 h AST, 26 August 1960, Enniskillen, New Brunswick. The aircraft, piloted by P. Camche of Montreal, developed a fuel leak and force landed on rough terrain (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 1097) .

Pilot Camche had flown 800 hours, 24 of which was on this aircraft in the 90 days prior to the accident. He was spraying herbicide out of Blissville Airstrip and had completed one run when the fuel gauge sight glass protruding from the bottom of the fuel tank broke off. The fuel sprayed over the pilot, whose eyes were fortunately protected by goggles. “The pilot considered that the aircraft might catch fire, and cut off the throttles and switched for an immediate forced landing. The aircraft came to rest upright in thick shrubs scattered with boulders and tree stumps.” The aircraft was substantially damaged but there was no fire.

Wheeler Stearmans parked
Wheeler Stearmans CF-EQW #65 and CF-EQY #67 parked, New Brunswick, probably 1957. [FPL Files]

CF-EQX #66

Boeing Stearman

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Wheeler Airlines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec

Accident: 1930 h EST, 28 July 1960, St. Honoré Airport, Quebec (now the Chicoutimi/Saint-Honoré Aerodrome). Wheeler Airlines (1960) Limited CF-EQX crash landed at St. Honoré Airport on completion of a spraying operation. “For undetermined reasons, the pilot lost control of the aircraft while approaching the airport at low altitude.” Pilot Carl Jackson of Vancouver, B.C., died in the accident. (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 1064 (Amended))

Pilot Jackson was an experienced pilot with in excess of 5000 hours. He had flown Grumman Avenger aircraft for 56 hours between June 2 and July 12, 1960, and a Stearman for 6.5 hours from 19 July to the date of the accident. Jackson “appeared to be in good health and normal spirits on the day of the accident. People associated with him considered that he was a calm, mature and reliable person.” The autopsy proved inconclusive.

On approach, witnesses observed that “the aircraft entered a steep right bank which progressed past the vertical and continued to an inverted position. The aircraft then appeared to tumble in a steep diving or side slipping attitude, losing altitude rapidly.” CF-EQX slid for 118 feet from the point of impact, suffering extensive damage.

CF-EQX Wheeler #66_pg 36 in Prebble 1975
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQX #66 and sister aircraft. Pg. 36 in “Application Technology”, A.P. Randall, In: M.L. Prebble, ed., Aerial Control of Forest Insects in Canada. 1975.

CF-EQY #67

1940 Boeing Stearman Kaydet, A75 (PT-13B), #75-085x

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958, (Wheeler) 1966, 1967, 1968 (Wheeler-Northland)

Owners: Wheeler Air Lines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec / Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd., St. Jean, Quebec

Aerial Visuals info:
– Constructed as a A75 by Boeing in 1943?.
– Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 37-246.
– 15 February 1956 – Civil registration, N60327, cancelled.
– Flew as CF-EQY #67 for Wheeler Air Lines Ltd., St. Jovite, Quebec, and Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd., St. Jean, Quebec
– 2 March 1966 – To Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd, Saint Jean, QC with c/r CF-EQY (A75N1, 75 085). Cancelled 27 May 1982 and 23 October 1996.
– 6 June 2001 – Civil registration, CF-EQY, cancelled.
– 17 May 2002 – To Wheeler-Northland Airways Ltd, Saint Jean, QC with c/r CF-EQY (A75N1, 75 085).
– Exported to USA 24 January 2011 / 9 May 2012 – To Biplane Investments Llc, South Hero, Vermont

Wheeler Stearman spraying, 1950s
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQY #67 spraying in New Brunswick, early 1950s. [FPL Files]
CF-EQY Wheeler Stearman #67_RichardArless_NictauNB_27May-2Jun1953-04
Wheeler Stearman CF-EQY #67 at Nictau Airstrip, New Brunswick, 1953. [Richard Arless photo, FPL Files]
Stearman #67 CF-EQY spraying, Juniper NB, June 1967
Wheeler-Northland Stearman CF-EQY #67 spraying out of Juniper Airstrip, New Brunswick, June 1967. [FPL Files]

CF-FBD #71

1949-51? Boeing Stearman N2S-5? (PT-13D?), #75-8279

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957 (Bradley) and 1960, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1970 (General Airspray)

Owners: Bradley Air Services Ltd., Carp, Ontario / General Airspray Ltd., St. Thomas, Ontario.

The Canadian Aviation Air and Space Museum Image Bank has two black-and-white images of Bradley CF-FBD #71 on floats here and here.

Bradley Stearman CF-FBD on floats, 1960
Bradley Air Services Stearman CF-FBD #71 on floats, 1960. Possibly in Ontario, and note the absence of spray equipment. [FPL Files]
Bradley Stearman #71 CF-FBD on floats. FPL used FFBD for experimental fire fighting. Flown by Al Breze of Evergreen. {FPL Files]
Bradley Stearman #71 CF-FBD on floats. FPL used CF-FBD for experimental fire fighting. Flown by Al Breze of Evergreen. (FPL Files]

General Airspray Stearmans parked, late 1950s. CF-FBD #71 is in the foreground. The other one is likely CF-FRZ #77. [FPL Files]
CF-FBD Boeing Model 75 on floats-anot
Not to be outdone, General Airspray also outfitted CF-FBD with floats. [FPL Files]
via Rhys Perraton
CF-FBD #71, 1966, illustrating the OMNR lakeside loading system. [Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, via Rhys Perraton, current owner]

CF-FBU #20 #83

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2195

Flew in New Brunswick: 1952 as #20 and 1957 as #83, according to the 1957 list

Owner: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia

Accident: 1900 PST, 14 July 1963, near Ladner, British Columbia. Pilot was Ronald G. McGarrigle of Port Alberni, British Columbia (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2025). “During spray operations, the aircraft collided with a television receiving antenna” on a farm house adjacent to the target field. “The pilot then flew the aircraft back to Langley, B.C., and landed.” The aircraft was operated by Skyway Air Services. Damage was minor and was confined to the right lower wing.

Stearmans at airstrip, three more arriving
Skyway Stearman CF-FBU #20 at Budworm City, New Brunswick, 1952. [FPL Files] John Anderson is in the white coveralls. [Tom Wilson]
Skyway Stearmans parked
Skyway Stearman CF-FBU #20, wings removed and tail number altered. CF-FBV is on the left. Probably Budworm City, New Brunswick, 1953 or 1954.[ FPL Files] “Both have propeller’s removed. FBV got away after startup, Pilot grabbed the lower wing tip causing it to swing around and collide with FBU damaging the upper and lower port wing panels. John Anderson carried out the repairs and both completed the project and returned to Langley B.C.” [Tom Wilson, personal communication, 31 August 2015]

Stearman CF-FBU at Budworm City, NB, 1952. D.C. Anderson photo.
This photo by D.C. Anderson shows CF-FBU #20 with a high-lift lower wing. Budworm City, 1952. FPL Files.

CF-FBV #19

1940? Boeing Stearman A75 (PT-13), #75-2196/3250??

Flew in New Brunswick: 1952

Owners: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia / Conair Aviation Ltd, Box 220, Abbotsford, British Columbia

Stearmans, Budworm City, NB, 1952. D.C. Anderson photo.
Skyway Stearman #CF-FBV #19, Budworm City, New Brunswick, 1952. [D.C. Anderson photo, FPL Files]

CF-FRW #76

1942 Boeing Stearman B75N1 (N2S-3), #75-7560

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Leavens Brothers Air Services Ltd., Essex, Ontario

CF-FRY #75

1942 Boeing Stearman B75N1 (N2S-3), #75-7272

Flew in New Brunswick: 1954, 1957, 1958

Owner: Leavens Brothers Air Services Ltd., Essex, Ontario

Leavans Stearman parked
Leavens Brothers Stearman #75 CF-FRY, Joe Stone photo, probably 1954. [FPL Files]

CF-FRZ #77

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-3423

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958 (Leavens), 1966, 1967, 1968 (General Airspray)

Owner: Leavens Brothers Air Services Ltd., Essex, Ontario / General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario / Sams Discount Warehouse, Glen Meyer, Ontario

There is a nice colour image of CF-FRZ at Airlines.net. Boeing PT-… Kaydet (75). Stearman Cropduster with spray rig, hangared in the late afternoon. St. Thomas – Municipal (YQS / CYQS), August 1969. Gary Vincent.

General Airspray Stearman CF-FRZ at Juniper NB, Jun 1967
General Airspray Stearman CF-FRZ #77 at Juniper, New Brunswick, June 1967. [FPL Files]

CF-FWV

1942 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-0523

Did not spray in New Brunswick.

Owner: Skyway Air Services Ltd.

I found a poor image of FWV on a German modelling site: Modell Baustudio Rhein-Ruhr which was used in Canada presumably by Skyway as a much-modified glider tug.

cf-fwv-skyway

cf-fwv-skyway-abbotsford-bc-may-1975
Skyway CF-FWV  at Abbotsford, BC , May 1975. It is not equipped with spray gear. [Source not recorded.]
History:
– Imported to Canada in 1960 as CF-FWV. Flew for Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia.
– Registration issued 22 May 1984, cancelled 24 May 1989
– Registered to Can-West Equities Ltd of Langley, British Columbia, 2 June 1989 as C-FFWV.This A75N1 has been acquired by The Canadian Museum of Flight at the Langley Airport, Langley B.C. Read about it here. “It was flown by Skyways founder, Art Seller, from Langley for many years. It has been in storage by the family with only brief periods of activity in recent years. David Seller, son of Skyways founder, Art Seller, donated the aircraft to the Museum at a signing ceremony on 3 November, 2016. Accompanying him were several people who were associated with the original Skyways staff.” The museum considers that this Stearman is one of the most historically significant aircraft to come into the it’s collection.The Canadian Museum of Flight intents to return CF-FWV back to flying status and display it at local airshows. [Comment by David McIntosh, 23 Nov 2016.]

CF-GAR #78

1941? Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-1059

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958 (Leavens), 1966 (General Airspray?)

Owner: Leavens Brothers Air Services Ltd., Essex, Ontario / General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario?

Accident: 1900 h EST, 27 May 1967, Franklin, Quebec (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 3408).  The pilot was not identified in the report. Following the take-off for a local crop spraying flight, “the aircraft failed to perform normally. The load of insecticide was jettisoned, but the performance did not improve and the aircraft collided with tree tops” … 1/2 mile east of the airstrip; it came to rest in bush. “The pilot received minor injuries and the aircraft was destroyed.” The cause was undetermined.

CF-HKZ #80

Boeing Stearman

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia

Accident: 1930 h PST, 2 July 1959, 1.5 miles south of Genelle, British Columbia (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 697). Witnesses observed that the aircraft, “while making a turn to commence the first spray,  struck a power line”, caught fire and crashed, killing pilot R.E. Elmore and destroying the aircraft. The aircraft “continued to burn as it crashed through the second set of power lines. It came to rest at the base of a power pole, where it exploded.”

Pilot Elmore had 1300 hours experience, of which 810 had been with Stearmans, with 57.5 hours within the 90 days prior to the accident.

Tom Wilson says: I flew HKZ  Budworm 1955. I was 18 and left Langley with a grand total of 337 hrs. and 20 mins. [27 August 2015]

CF-HKZ CF-DQL Skyway Stearman #80 #82
Skyway Stearmans CF-HKZ #80 and CF-DQL #82. [FPL Files]
From Bill Larkins - 27Feb2014, via AgAircraft.
Skyway Stearman CF-HKZ #80. Posted to AgAircraft group by Bill Larkins, 27 February 2014. [Bill Larkins photo]

CF-IAD #68

1936 Boeing Stearman 75 (PT-13), #75-xxxx

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Airspray Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta

Accident: 0745 h MST, 14 July 1959 near Tempest, Alberta, about 15 miles east of Lethbridge (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 721). “The aircraft struck the ground when the pilot permitted his aircraft to stall during a turn at low level.” Pilot Robert Granley, Edmonton, Alberta, was killed in the crash and the aircraft was substantially damaged.

Pilot Granley “was completing a spray operation at the Broder’s Company Farm approximately 2 miles east and 1/2 mile south of Tempest, Alberta, when on the final turn the aircraft dived into the ground and turned onto its back.” It was found that “the pilot’s shoulder harness had failed where it was stitched together at the adjusting buckles.”

Pilot Granley had 437 hours experience, with 101 hours on the Stearman, “all of which had been flown in the 90 days prior to the accident. He had acquired 56 hours of crop spraying experience.” Granley had arisen at about 0450 and commenced flying at 0530 h; he apparently had missed breakfast.

RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1392. Stearman 75 PT-13 (CF-IAD) Photographed at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Biplanes/Stearman/1392.htm
RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1392. Stearman 75 PT-13 (CF-IAD)
Photographed at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

CF-IBA #74

1943? Boeing Stearman E75N1 (PT-13), #75-5052

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1960

Owner: Bradley Air Services Ltd., Carp, Ontario

CF-JLS #84

Boeing Stearman

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957

Owner: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia

Tom Wilson, pers. comm. CF-JLS Skyway, 28 May 1957, Laurentide Aviation, Cartierville, Quebec. Tom Wilson is at the wingtip.
Skyway Stearman CF-JLS #84, 28 May 1957, Laurentide Aviation, Cartierville, Quebec. Tom Marston is at the wingtip. He was the first fatality of the budworm spray, 1958. [Tom Wilson, pers. comm.]
From Larry Johnson, 18 Sep 2015.
This is CF-JLS #84 in Yakima, Washington. Kindly supplied by Larry Johnson, 18 Sep 2015.

CF-JOU #60

Stearman A75 (PT-13), #75-7582

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario

Accident: 1145 h EST, 26 June 1965 near Mount Hope Airport, Ontario (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2605). “The engine failed during flight at low level and the aircraft struck a tree … and crashed to the ground. The pilot lost his life and the aircraft was destroyed by impact and fire.” The pilot was not identified in the report.

“The aircraft was being flown on aerial spraying flights in the vicinity of Lynden, Ontario. Witnesses observed the aircraft flying south at low level, and heard the engine sputter, run intermittently and then stop.” The crash was heard but not seen. The terrain in the vicinity of the accident scene is rolling farmland with isolated trees and areas of bush.”

CF-JRK

Boeing Stearman A75 (PT-13), #75-6470

Did not spray in New Brunswick.

Owner: Airspray Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta

Accident: 1830 h MST, 3 August 1965 near Mercoal, Alberta (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2657). The aircraft was fighting a small fire located about 6 miles west of Mercoal. “At the conclusion of the fire bombing run  the aircraft struck a tree and continued through additional trees [for a distance of 360 feet] until it struck the ground and was destroyed.” The pilot, who is not named in the report, was seriously injured. “The accident area, on the west side of a hill, is rugged and covered with a dense stand of evergreen trees.”

The accident was observed by the pilot of another aircraft involved in the same operation. CF-JRK had “approached from the north to south and executed a normal drop. The left lower wing separated from the aircraft which yawed to the right and assumed a steep, nosedown attitude through the trees. The pilot attributes the accident to the fact that he was anxious to make a good hit on the fire and concentrated on the base of the smoke rather than the tree tops.”

CF-KPX

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-1702

Did not spray in New Brunswick.

Owners: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia / Harrington Air Services Ltd., Industrial Airport, Edmonton, Alberta

History:
– Manufactured 1941.
– Imported to Canada in 1958 as CF-KPX.
– Flew as CF-KPX (no number known) for Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia.
Accident: 1515 MST, 12 August 1966, Grand Prairie Airport, Grand Prairie, Alberta (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 3080). “Circumstances: During take-off with a full load of fuel and fire fighting chemical, the aircraft swung to the left off the runway and overturned in soft ground. The swing started 630 feet from the start of the runway. Rudder was used first then brake but the swing could not be stopped. Probable Cause: Failed to take directional control on take-off: applied corrective measures too late.”
– Registration cancelled 27 May 1982.

As C-FKPX:
– Registration issued 13 February 1990 and cancelled 6 December 1990. Owner Watson Clarke, Calahoo, Alberta.
– Registration issued 29 April 1999 and cancelled 27 April 2000. Owner 331567 Alberta Ltd., Surrey, British Columbia.
– Aircraft removed from the Register 27 April 2000.

CF-KQB #59

1944 Boeing Stearman Kaydet A75 (PT-13B), #75-255

Flew in New Brunswick: 1966, 1967, 1968

Owners: Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario / AgAir Ltd., Dawson Creek, British Columbia / Central Aviation Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta (Norman Rix) / Byron Reynolds, Wetaskiwin, Alberta / Reported at Reynolds Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

History:
– Constructed as an PT-17 by Boeing in 1944.
– Circa 1940 – Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 40-1698.
– Imported to Canada in 1958 and registered as CF-KQB.
– Flew as #59 for Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario.
– Registration issued 3 April 1974 and cancelled 3 September 1998, AgAir Ltd., Dawson Creek, British Columbia.
– Registered 16 September 1998 and cancelled 10 November 1998, Central Aviation Inc., Wetaskiwin, Alberta (Norman Rix).
– Re-registered 10 November 1998 and cancelled 12 January 2006, Central Aviation Inc., Wetaskiwin, Alberta
– Re-registered 12 January 2006 to Byron E Reynolds, Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Stearmans loading, Juniper NB, Jun 1967
Hicks and Lawrence Stearman loading, Juniper New Brunswick, June 1967. Based on the tail number possibly being #59, this is CF-KQB. [FPL Files]

CF-KQJ #54

1943? Boeing Stearman E75 (PT-13), #75-5739

Flew in New Brunswick: 1958

Accident: 1830 EST, 25 April 1961 at Little Rapids, Ontario (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 1293). “On 25th April, 1961, D. Boughner of Simcoe, Ontario,” was flying CF-KQJ from a private airstrip operated by Northcana Limited of St. Thomas, Ontario. … during the initial climb, the pilot’s vision became obscured by venting fuel and the aircraft crashed shortly after. The pilot was not injured but the aircraft was substantially damaged.

“… the fuel sight gauge located on the underside of the upper wing centre section fractured, allowing fuel to escape into the airstream.” Even though the pilot was wearing protective goggles, he “found his vision badly obscured. He considered that the fuel supply would quickly become exhausted and attempted a shallow left turn to return to the airstrip. The aircraft stalled during the turn and the left wing dropped. Recovery was made but the aircraft touched down on soft ground and the undercarriage came in contact with a fallen tree trunk, which caused the aircraft to overturn.

The fuel gauge sight glass had failed from fatigue during the take-off or shortly thereafter.”

Owner: Northcana Ltd., Toronto, Ontario

CF-LOB #69

1942 Boeing Stearman B75N1 (N2S-3), #75-1836

Flew in New Brunswick: 1968

Owner: Airspray Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta

The late “Linc” Alexander flew CF-LOB for Airspray in the 1960s. Two chapters in his book Firebomber into Hell describe fighting fires with a Stearman.

From Bill Larkins - 27Feb2014, via AgAircraft.
Airspray Stearman CF-LOB #69. Posted to AgAircraft 27 Feb 2014 by Bill Larkins. [Bill Larkins photo]
Airspray Stearman CF-LOB #69, 1960, Westaskiwin Alberta. Linc Alexander, from Firebomber Into Hell. (2010)
Airspray Stearman CF-LOB #69, 1960, Westaskiwin, Alberta, used for firebombing. [Linc Alexander, from Firebomber Into Hell (2010)]

CF-MSB

1942 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-4854

Did not spray in New Brunswick.

Owners: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia / Conair Aviation Ltd, Abbotsford, British Columbia

CF-MSB Skyway
Boeing Stearman PT-17 Kaydet with spray gear / Owner-Operator: Skyway Air Services / Aircraft Registration: CF-MSB / Location: Abbotsford (YXX / CYXX), Canada – British Columbia / Date: June 1969 Month is a guess / Photographer: Dave Welch, Air-Britain PIC

CF-OMH #2

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2043

Flew in New Brunswick: 1968

Owners: Evergreen Air Services, Roxboro, Quebec / Peter Sleeman, Richmond, British Columbia.

History:
– Constructed as a A75N1 by Boeing with s/n 41-8484 USAAF.
– Flew as #2 CF-OMH for Evergreen Air Services, Roxboro, Quebec.
– Registered 14 May 2001 as C-FOMH to Peter Sleeman, Richmond, British Columbia.

CF-SEK #50, later #65

Boeing Stearman

Flew in New Brunswick: 1966 (as #50), 1967 and 1968 (as #65)

Owner: ?

CF-SEK Stearman - Joe Hammer_Jul1965_P-71-anot
Joe Hammer and Stearman CF-SEK, 1965, pointing to a sign that says “We Keep America GROWING” [FPL Files]

CF-SIQ #3

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2493

Flew in New Brunswick: 1968

Owner: Walker Flying Service, Edmonton, Alberta

CF-UCB #41

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2764

Flew in New Brunswick: 1966, 1967, 1968

Owner: Glenair Aerial Spraying, Bright, Ontario

History:

25275 (MSN 75-2764) became N49948, then CF-UCB, then C-FUCB,
then D-EDLL (Joe Baugher)

– First registered as N49948 in USA.
– Imported to Canada in 1965 and registered as CF-UCB.
– Flew as #41 for Glenair Aerial Spraying, Bright, Ontario.
– Accident: 27 May 1966, Taxis Airstrip, New Brunswick.
– Registered [date?] and cancelled 27 May 1982, Bernadette Currie, Creemore, Ontario.
– Registered as C-FUCB presumably 1982 and cancelled 14 June 1987, Joerg Wiebe, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.
– To unknown owner with as D-EDLL, Oerlinghausen Segelflugplatz, Bielefeld, Buckeburg Airfield, Achum, Lower Saxony

Images of D-EDLL in Denmark can be found HERE (Wikimedia Commons, 2009) and HERE (Airport-Data.com).

CF-UCC #42

1941 Boeing Stearman E75 / A75N1 (PT-17), #75-8521

Flew in New Brunswick: 1966, 67, 68

History:
– Constructed as a PT-17 by Boeing.
– Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Air Force with s/n 41-25275.
– Accident: 1500 AST, 27 May 1966, Taxis Airstrip, New Brunswick (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2950). “During a landing roll to the southeast, the aircraft swung to the right in a ground-loop and was substantially damaged.” The probable cause was that the pilot “failed to compensate for wind.”
– To Holyfield Henry, Sikeston, Missouri, with c/r N5812N (A75N1, #75-8521) – 24 November 1971 – Civil registration, N5812N, cancelled.
– Glenair Aerial Spraying, RR4, Bright, Ontario, as CF-UCC
– 4 October 2006 – To Trevor Skillen, Vancouver, BC with c/r C-FUCC (A75N1, #75-8521).
– Sams Discount Warehouse, Glen Meyer, Ontario

See a 2012 image of CF-UCC at FlightSource: Private, Boeing Stearman, A75N1, Delta, British Columbia-Heritage Airpark CAK3, July 14 2012.

Stearman returning to load
Glenair Aerial Spraying? Stearman CF-UCC #42 returning to load. [FPL Files]

CF-ULY #60

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-3403

Flew in New Brunswick: 1966, 1967, 1968

Owner: Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario

– Constructed as a N2S-4 by Boeing with USN BuNo 29972.
– On 7 February 1973 – To Ag Air Ltd, Dawson Creek, BC with c/r CF-ULY (A75N1, 75 3403).
– On 17 May 2002 – Civil registration revised, CF-ULY (A75N1, 75 3403), indicating ownership by Ag Air Ltd, Dawson Creek, BC.
Registered
– On 25 August 2010 – Civil registration, CF-ULY, cancelled.
 Deregistered.

Hicks & Lawrence Stearman at Juniper, NB, Jun 1967

Hicks & Lawrence Stearman CF-ULY #60 at Juniper, New Brunswick, June 1967. [FPL Files]

CF-UWK #xx

1941 Boeing Stearman Kaydet A75N1 (PT-17), #75-3522

Flew in New Brunswick: 1967, 68

Owner: General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario / Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario / Now at Reynolds Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta (Byron Reynolds).

History:
– Constructed as a N2S-4 by Boeing.
– Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Navy with BuNo 30083.
– To unknown owner with c/r N49366.
– On 26 April 1967 – Civil registration, N49366, cancelled.
– On 16 August 1970
– To Percy F. Overholt, Dunville with c/r N49366 (A75N1, 753522).
– On 29 May 1987 – To Stan Reynolds Sales LTD., Wetaskiwin, AB with c/r CF-UWK (A75N1, 75 3522).
– Placed on display with Reynolds Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Stearmans in the pits, Juniper NB, Jun 1967
Hicks & Lawrence Stearmans CF-UWK #12 and CF-UWL #13 in the pits, Juniper, New Brunswick, June 1967. The Stearman with the grey wingtip is CF-UWM. [FPL Files]
CF-UWK
Boeing PT-17 Kaydet (A75N1), CF-UWK / Construction Number: 75-3522 / Location: Dawson Creek (YDQ / CYDQ), Canada – British Columbia / Date: 23rd March 1982 / Photographer: Steve Aubury, AirBritain PIC.

CF-UWL #13

Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-12351?

Flew in New Brunswick: 1967, 1968

Owner: Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario / General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario

See the image under CF-UWK.

CF-UWM #14

Boeing Stearman B75N1, #75-912x?

Flew in New Brunswick: 1967, 1968

Owner: Hicks and Lawrence? / General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario

Aerial Visuals info
Constructed as a PT-18 by Boeing.
Circa 1941 – Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 41-0852.
13 December 1990 – To Robert McCune, Mascouche, Quebec, with c/r C-FUWM (B75N1, 75 912).
21 July 2006 – Assigned civil registration: C-FUWM (A75, 75 912)
Still flying and present at fly-ins in 2007, 2008, 2010; see HERE.

“My dad owns Stearman C-FUWM which he restored back close to the original with the front cockpit. He removed the hopper in order to install the seat and cockpit however he kept the 985 engine, which gives it lots of extra power. The 985 is a real pleasure to listen to as well. I believe it was used in New Brunswick on the budworm.” [Colin McCune, see Comment below]

Stearmans in the pits, Juniper NB, Jun 1967
Hicks & Lawrence Stearman CF-UWM #14 in the pits, Juniper, New Brunswick, June 1967. [FPL Files]

CF-VOB #76

1941 Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-2779

Flew in New Brunswick: 1967, 1968

Owner: General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario / Sportair Ltd., Coldstream, British Columbia (Rhys Perraton)

History: US Army Air Corp serial no 41-25290, constructed as a PT-17, then N1323N prior to coming to Canada as CF-VOB with General Airspray, probably in the 1960s, later re-registered C-FBYI. It was briefly registered as CF-MMB before reacquiring its original designation, CF-VOB. This aircraft has had several accidents.

Larry Johnson of Washington state cleared up some confusion concerning this aircraft [email 25 Oct 2015]. Larry has a Stearman site on flickr that has 555 Stearman images. (See his photostream.)

“Rhys Perraton owns CF-VOB. He bought it, I think with two other men, as C-FBYI and it was involved in an accident, an engine failure resulting in the a/c going down in the woods in a boggy area close to Vernon BC. At that time it was registered as Fairflight Ltd., with Rhys being a major partner. Rhys bought it from a fellow in ON [Ontario] Canada and ferried it to BC. Rhys bought out the other owners after the accident and owns it solely but registers it to Sportair, his company.

“I live in Washington state and repaired/restored the a/c for Rhys. It was a major repair as the landing gear was torn out of the fuselage in the accident. A lot of the fuselage frame was damaged as well as lower wings, engine, prop, etc.

“While it was being repaired he wanted to get the VOB registration back as it was originally that aircraft. When he first started to change the registration, VOB was assigned to a different type a/c in Canada and the owner refused to let Rhys have/buy the registration marks. Rhys then changed C-FBYI to CF-MMB. Time went by and when I was ready to put the final finish colors on the a/c Rhys got in touch with the owner of CF-VOB one more time to see if he could buy the registration markings from the man. As it turned out that man said that aircraft was wrecked and he would give up the registration markings. He canceled it with Transport Canada and Rhys picked it up for his a/c. So I painted the a/c CF-VOB, the first markings that it had when it came to Canada. It never flew as CF-MMB only as C-FBYI and CF-VOB, of course, and in the US as N1323N.

“Not sure who owned it as N1323N. Rhys may have that information but I do know some of the early records are missing. I had the log books when I worked on the a/c but Rhys has them now.”

Aerial Visuals history, with some additions:
– Constructed as an A75N1 by Boeing.
– Circa 1941 – Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 41-25290.
– Date? To unknown owner with c/r N1323N. Operated as #43. [possibly as a crop duster in California]
– Circa 1960 – To General Air Spray, Ontario, with c/r CF-VOB. Operated as #76. [Flew in New Brunswick in 1967 and 1968, and in Ontario for several years.]
– On 19 December 1997 – To Ulrich V. Hanus, Mississauga, Ontario, with c/r C-FBYI (A75N1, 75-2779).
– On 27 July 1999 – To Ulrich V. Hanus, Surrey, BC.
– On 4 June 2009 – To Fairflight Ltd, Vernon, BC. [Rhys Perraton, major partner]
– [2009 to 2011 – Repaired and restored in Washington state by Larry Johnson.]
– On 21 January 2011 – To Sportair Ltd, Coldstream, BC, with c/r CF-MMB. [Rhys Perraton]
– To Sportair Ltd, Coldstream, BC with c/r CF-VOB.

N1323N #43 Owner not Determined

Another shot from Paul Hodgins. N1323N became CF-VOB. Posted by Larry Johnson to AgAircraft 11 Feb 2011.
Farm Lake airstrip, Quebec, 1958. Left to right: N1074N (#44), Skyway CF-HKZ (#80), and N1323N (#43), which became CF-VOB. The two U.S. Stearmans appear to be sister aircraft, but the company is not known. Posted by Larry Johnson to AgAircraft 11 Feb 2011. Photograph by Paul Hodgins.

CF-VOB #76 General Airspray

“As CF-VOB it was operated on floats by General Air Spray in Ontario as a crop duster with a P&W 985 engine. In 1970, it had an accident and was withdrawn from service. I wanted to get the CF-VOB registration back for my aircraft but was not able. I have now re-registered it as CF-MMB and it’s restoration is at an advanced stage (March 2011). The aircraft is now CF-VOB again and flew yesterday (2015) for the first time after restoration!!”
[Rhys Perraton emails, current owner]

See images of the restored CF-VOB by Larry Johnson on FLICKR. “I shot these after I finished up a major repair including covering the a/c.” [Taken on August 18, 2014 ]

General Airspray Stearman on floats
General Airspray Stearman CF-VOB #76 on floats and with spray gear. [FPL Files]
General Airspray Stearman CF-VOB, Jun 1967
General Airspray Stearman CF-VOB #76, this time on wheels, 1967. [FPL Files]

C-FBYI

In 1987-1989 this Stearman was rebuilt and re-registered as C-FBYI and flown by Robert Clark in Berwick, NS. In 1990 it was moved to Fredericton, New Brunswick, for ten years and flown by John Connor, until being sold to Ontario and again restored in Burlington.

See also Airport-data.com for an image taken in 2002.

JetPhotos.net has a couple of colour images of C-FBYI from 2006 in Vernon, British Columbia. Apparently this Stearman crashed sometime in 2006: “Sadly, this beautiful Stearman suffered an accident and needs a rebuild.”

Some Unidentified Stearmans

CF-xxx #22

Owner: Agriculture Aviation Service

CF-xxx #50

Owner: Twinn Pest Control Co.

CF-xxx #26

Flew in New Brunswick: 1968

Owner: ?

CF-xxx #73

Owner: Wheeler Air Lines Ltd., St. Jovite, QU

Canadian Civil Aircraft Register Listings

The number of Stearmans in Canada, according to the Canadian Civil Aircraft Register (Transport Canada) is a lot more than listed under just Stearman. Stearmans are also listed under their model type: Model 75, NS-1, N2S, PT-13, PT-17, PT-18, PT-27 (the Canadian version), A75 and A75N1, B75 and B75N1, E75 and E75N1.

The remaining spray Stearmans (bold), plus a few others (not bold, xx), on Canadian Civil Registers 1962, 1970, 2004, 2006 and 2015.

Registration 1962 1970 2004 2006 2015 In NB
CF-DFC X X 1968
CF-DQL X X 1952, 1957-58
CF-DQP X 1957, 1960
CF-DQU X xx
CF-DZC X 1957, 1960
CF-EQS X X 1953, 1957-58, 1966-68, 1973-73
CF-EQT X X 1957-58, 1966-68
CF-EQU X X X X 1957, 1966-68, 1972-73
CF-EQV X 1957, 1966-68
CF-EQW X 1957-58
CF-EQX 1957-58
CF-EQY X X X X 1957-58, 1966-68
CF-FBD X X 1957, 1960, 1966-68, 1970
CF-FBU X X 1952, 1957
CF-FBV X X 1952
CF-FRW X 1957-58
CF-FRY X 1954, 1957-58
CF-FRZ X X 1957-58, 1966-68
CF-FWV X X X xx
CF-GAR 1957-58, 1966
CF-HKZ 1957-58
CF-IAD 1957-58
CF-IBA X 1957, 1960, 1970?
CF-JLS 1957
CF-JOU X 1957-58
CF-JRK X xx
CF-KPX X X xx
CF-KQB X X X X X 1966-68
CF-KQJ X 1958
CF-LOB X 1968
CF-MSB X X xx
CF-OMH X X X 1968
CF-SEK 1965-68
CF-SIQ X X 1968
CF-UCB X X 1966-68
CF-UCC X X X X 1966-68
CF-ULY X X X X 1966-68
CF-UWK X X X X 1967-68
CF-UWL X X 1967-68
CF-UWM X X X 1967-68
CF-VOB X X X X 1967-68

4 thoughts on “Canadian Stearmans

  1. My father died on June 20th 1957 about 3 miles south of Budworm City. He was flying a Stearman for Medford Air Service. His name was Elwyn Gail Behnke. Any info on the crash or any pictures would be helpful . It will be 60 years this June that he was killed in the crash

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  2. My father died in a Stearman crash 6/20/57 about 3 miles south south west of Budworm City. His name was Elwyn Gail Behnke. He was flying for Medford Air Service. Any info or reports would be helpful

    Thank you

    Like

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