CF-GAR, -HKZ, -Ixx Series, -Jxx Series

CF-GAR #22, #78

1941? Boeing Stearman A75N1 (PT-17), #75-1059

Reserved: Leavens Bros. Air Services Ltd. 1947.06.26 to unknown. Imported. Owned 1950.07.28 to 1967.10.24, written off. (HCCAR)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958 (Leavens), 1966 (General Airspray?)

Owner: Leavens Brothers Air Services Ltd., Essex, Ontario / General Airspray Ltd., St Thomas, Ontario?

1) Leavens Brothers

CF-GAR #22 among a group of Stearmans lined up, Budworm City, 1952. [Bauman series 1952, FPL Files]
CF-GAR #22 among a group of Stearmans, Budworm City, 1952. [Bauman series 1952, FPL Files]

Accident 1: 22 June 1955, 1 mile east of Lake Matane, Quebec. Pilot H.M. Hodgins. Operated by Leavens Brothers, Essex, Ontario. The pilot noticed oil spraying from the starboard side of the aircraft. The oil pressure dropped and the engine began losing power, causing the pilot to make a forced landing on a road. Damage was substantial but the pilot was not injured. [Department of Transport accident card]

2) General Airspray

Accident 2: 1900 h EST, 27 May 1967, Franklin, Quebec.  Pilot E.L. Stenton, WG-7926, age 29. Following the take-off for a local crop spraying flight, “the aircraft failed to perform normally. The load of insecticide was jettisoned, but the performance did not improve and the aircraft collided with tree tops” … 1/2 mile east of the airstrip; it came to rest in bush. “The pilot received minor injuries and the aircraft was destroyed.” The cause was undetermined. [DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 3408; Department of Transport accident card]

CF-HKZ #80

Boeing Stearman B75N1 75-6792

First registered as N63862. Owned from 1954.03.18 to 1959.12.15, written off. (NCCAR)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Bradley Air Services, Carp, Ontario (#70); Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia (#80)

Accident 1: 30 May 1957, at the Cartierville Airport, Quebec, while ferrying to New Brunswick for the budworm spray. CF-HKZ collided with a stationary CF-JLS after the pilot of HKZ had started the engine by the propeller. Damage was moderate to both aircraft: propeller, engine, engine mount and top wing. A pencil notation on the Department of Transport accident card stated that this was “not an accident”, according to DOT criteria. The pilots were: J.C.F. Blackham, C-6794 (HKZ),  and A.M. Osen, ULC-7153 (JLS). Neither were injured.

CF-HKZ + CF-JLS Skyway, 30 May 1957, Laurentide Aviation, Cartierville, Quebec. HKZ has a damaged starboard upper wing. [Tom Wilson, pers. comm.]

Accident 2: 1930 h PST, 2 July 1959, 1.5 miles south of Genelle, British Columbia. Witnesses observed that the aircraft, “while making a turn to commence the first spray,  struck a power line”, caught fire and crashed, killing pilot R.E. Elmore and destroying the aircraft. The aircraft “continued to burn as it crashed through the second set of power lines. It came to rest at the base of a power pole, where it exploded.” Pilot Elmore had 1300 hours experience, of which 810 had been with Stearmans, with 57.5 hours within the 90 days prior to the accident. [DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 697]

Tom Wilson says: “I flew HKZ  Budworm 1955. I was 18 and left Langley with a grand total of 337 hrs. and 20 mins.” [27 August 2015]

CF-HKZ CF-DQL Skyway Stearman #80 #82
Skyway Stearmans CF-HKZ #80 and CF-DQL #82. [FPL Files]
From Bill Larkins - 27Feb2014, via AgAircraft.
Skyway Stearman CF-HKZ #80. Posted to AgAircraft group by Bill Larkins, 27 February 2014. [Bill Larkins photo]

CF-IAD #68

1936 Boeing Stearman E75 (PT-13), #75-5256

Owned from 1955.04.29 to 1960.06.21, written off. (NCCAR)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Harrington Airspray; Airspray Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta

Accident: 0745 h MST, 14 July 1959 near Tempest, Alberta, about 15 miles east of Lethbridge (DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 721; Department of Transport accident card). The operator was Harrington Airspray. “The aircraft struck the ground when the pilot permitted his aircraft to stall during a turn at low level.” Pilot Robert Granley, age 23, of Edmonton, Alberta, was killed in the crash and the aircraft was substantially damaged.

Pilot Granley “was completing a spray operation at the Broder’s Company Farm approximately 2 miles east and 1/2 mile south of Tempest, Alberta, when on the final turn the aircraft dived into the ground and turned onto its back.” It was found that “the pilot’s shoulder harness had failed where it was stitched together at the adjusting buckles.”

Pilot Granley (Comm. Lic. XDC-7442) had 437 hours experience, with 101 hours on the Stearman, “all of which had been flown in the 90 days prior to the accident. He had acquired 56 hours of crop spraying experience.” Granley had arisen at about 0450 and commenced flying at 0530 h; he apparently had missed breakfast.

CF-IAD Airspray #68, CBC Newsmagazine, 7 July 1957. The black-and-white CBC Newsmagazine film about spraying from Budworm City in 1957, called “What’s eating Canada’s Trees – Canada’s Forests: Budworm Infestation and DDT” (8:51) can be found in the CBC Digital Archives. The reporter was Kingsley Brown and the broadcast date was July 7, 1957.
RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1392. Stearman 75 PT-13 (CF-IAD) Photographed at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Biplanes/Stearman/1392.htm
RON DUPAS PHOTO No. 1392. Stearman 75 PT-13 (CF-IAD)
Photographed at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

CF-IBA #74

1943? Boeing Stearman E75N1 (PT-13), #75-5052
First registered as N4780V. Owned from 1955.01.13 to 1963.01.22. (NCCAR)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1960

Owner: Bradley Air Services Ltd., Carp, Ontario

CF-JCH

Boeing Stearman A75N1, 75-3896

First registered as N53184. Owned from 1956.04.30 to 1957.08.12, written off.

Did not fly in New Brunswick.

Owner: Skyway Air Services

Accident: 7 June 1957, Sumas Prairie, British Columbia. Pilot Frederick E. Legrice, Comm. Licence C-5895. While “crop dusting”, the “pilot should have been turning down mountain instead of up mountain. The aircraft encountered its own slipstream while turning and collided with a tree before the pilot could effect recovery.” The aircraft burned after impact and was destroyed. Pilot Legrice suffered serious injuries. [Department of Transport accident card]

CF-JLS #84

Boeing Stearman A75N1, 75-1590

First registered as N53096. Owned from 1957.02.18 to 1957.07.24. Subsequent fate N1155N. (NCCAR, Aerial Visuals)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957

Owner: Skyway Air Services Ltd., Langley, British Columbia

Accident: 30 May 1957, at the Cartierville Airport, Quebec, while ferrying to New Brunswick for the budworm spray. CF-HKZ collided with a stationary CF-JLS after the pilot of HKZ had started the engine by the propeller. Damage was moderate to both aircraft: propeller, engine, engine mount and top wing. A pencil notation on the Department of Transport accident card stated that this was “not an accident”, according to DOT criteria. The pilots were: J.C.F. Blackham, C-6794 (HKZ),  and A.M. Osen, ULC-7153 (JLS). Neither were injured. See CF-HKZ for an image of the accident card.

Tom Wilson, pers. comm. CF-JLS Skyway, 28 May 1957, Laurentide Aviation, Cartierville, Quebec. Tom Wilson is at the wingtip.
Skyway Stearman CF-JLS #84, 28 May 1957, Laurentide Aviation, Cartierville, Quebec. Tom Marston is at the wingtip. He was the first fatality of the budworm spray, 1958. [Tom Wilson, pers. comm.]
From Larry Johnson, 18 Sep 2015.
This is CF-JLS #84 in Yakima, Washington. Kindly supplied by Larry Johnson, 18 Sep 2015.

CF-JOU #60

Stearman A75 (PT-13), #75-7582

First registered as N4511N. Owned from 1957.01.31 to 1968.01.10, written off. (NCCAR)

Flew in New Brunswick: 1957, 1958

Owner: Hicks & Lawrence Ltd., Ostrander, Ontario (Commercial Operator #3620)

Accident 1: 29 May 1957, 1 km south of Courcelles, Quebec (s of Quebec City). Pilot George Franklin Pressey, SC-430. Operator Hicks and Lawrence, St. Thomas, Ontario. “The pilot became temporarily lost in the area of destination and carried out a precautionary landing due to fuel shortage. The pilot selected unsuitable terrain and the aircraft tipped over onto its back towards the end of the landing run.” Damage was substantial: the propellor was replaced, four rib sections were cracked and the rudder was damaged. Pilot Pressey was not injured. [Department of Transport accident card]

Accident 2: 30 July 1959, Otterville, Ontario, 5 miles east of Tillsonberg. Pilot J. Charles van Rietvelde. The pilot becvame lost in poor visibility while crop spraying and landed in a small field of rye. The aircraft ground looped to avoid a fence. Damage was substantial: both left wings were destroyed. Pilot van Rietvelde was not injured.

Accident 3: 1145 h EST, 26 June 1965 near Mount Hope Airport, Ontario. Pilot J. Charles van Rietvelde, C-6211, age 38. “The engine failed during flight at low level and the aircraft struck a tree … and crashed to the ground. The pilot lost his life and the aircraft was destroyed by impact and fire.” [DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2605]

“The aircraft was being flown on aerial spraying flights in the vicinity of Lynden, Ontario. Witnesses observed the aircraft flying south at low level, and heard the engine sputter, run intermittently and then stop.” The crash was heard but not seen. The terrain in the vicinity of the accident scene is rolling farmland with isolated trees and areas of bush.”

CF-JRK

Boeing Stearman A75 (PT-13), #75-6470

Owned from 1957.06.20 to 1965.09.24, written off. (NCCAR) See also Aerial Visuals.

Did not spray in New Brunswick.

Owner: Hicks and Lawrence Ltd (operator in 1957, according to Department of Transport accident card); Airspray Ltd., Wetaskiwin, Alberta

CF-JRK probably in Wetaskiwin, Alberta, 1960s. (Aerial Visuals)

Accident 1: 25 April 1958, 2 km north of Wetaskiwin Airport, Alberta. Pilot D.D. Harrington, age 31, C-5699. Agricultural flying: mosquito control. The pilot struck a power line, causing substantial damage to the aircraft; pilot Harrington was not injured. [Department of Transport accident card]

Accident 2: 1830 h MST, 3 August 1965 near Mercoal, Alberta. Pilot Clarence Andrew Love, age 43, YZC-7179. The aircraft was fighting a small fire located about 6 miles west of Mercoal. “At the conclusion of the fire bombing run  the aircraft struck a tree and continued through additional trees [for a distance of 360 feet] until it struck the ground and was destroyed.” Pilot Love was seriously injured and the aircraft was destroyed. “The accident area, on the west side of a hill, is rugged and covered with a dense stand of evergreen trees.” [DOT Accident Report, Serial No. 2657]

The accident was observed by the pilot of another aircraft involved in the same operation. CF-JRK had “approached from the north to south and executed a normal drop. The left lower wing separated from the aircraft which yawed to the right and assumed a steep, nosedown attitude through the trees. The pilot attributes the accident to the fact that he was anxious to make a good hit on the fire and concentrated on the base of the smoke rather than the tree tops.”